In this category, we looked at the literature through the lens of managerial and organizational aspects of DeFi concerning users and society. It would appear to be a matter of some urgency, then, that researchers, policymakers, and practitioners develop policies for integrating DeFi into current and future economic and societal settings. Here, the analysis of DeFi focuses on its value to institutions and businesses in the traditional financial ecosystem. Considering the ambitions and background of DeFi, an important question that the literature in this category should answer is whether DeFi will replace the traditional financial system or how these two systems will affect one another. Regarding market manipulation, the literature highlighted wash trading, the technical term for the simultaneous buying and selling an asset to create artificial market activity. As Victor and Weintraud (2021) have found, wash trades have declined since the introduction of AMM-based DEXes, yet quite a strong incentive to continue the practice remains.
If an issuer is unwilling or unable to deliver, the token may become worthless or trade at a significant discount. So right now a lot of insurance products in the space focus on protecting their users against loss of funds. However, there are projects starting to build out coverage for everything life can throw at us. A good example of this is Etherisc’s https://www.xcritical.in/ Crop cover which aims to protect smallholder farmers in Kenya against droughts and flooding(opens in a new tab). Decentralized insurance can provide cheaper cover for farmers who are often priced out of traditional insurance. But it also makes this digital money programmable, using smart contracts, so you can go beyond storing and sending value.
However, challenges remain, as DeFi introduces new risks to the financial system. Policy-makers and regulators need to strike a balance between promoting innovation and mitigating risk. However, the industry has since shifted its focus from providing payments to offering a wide range of financial services. This new set of financial services, known as decentralized finance (DeFi), surged in popularity starting around 2020. Financial data are publicly available and may potentially be used by researchers and users alike.
As a result, conventional banks are facing increasing pressure to improve their service offerings. Through collaborative initiatives between fintech companies and conventional banks, both industries and users can benefit. However, cross-platform friction, privacy, data security, and regulatory requirements are significant hurdles to implementing open finance. Customers and thus front-end providers want access to traditional financial institutions, in the sense of Open Finance, but also to peer-to-peer solutions without intermediaries in the sense of DeFi. Providing this connectivity and interoperability is challenging, but this could be simplified through platform solutions, because they reduce the number of interfaces and improve the degree of standardization.
For example, you might receive regular rewards from Bitcoin mining, delegating BNB, or providing liquidity. A smart contract can take your rewards, purchase more of the underlying asset, and reinvest it. This process will compound your interest, often significantly raising your returns. Security token issuance platforms, for example, may provide the tools and resources for issuers to launch tokenized securities on the blockchain with customizable parameters.
Two, the government or any of its authorized subsidiaries censors the users activities by influencing or compelling the ecosystem’s governance. Either way, it’s noticeable that having some form of centralized governance makes censorship easier to impose. In the absence of a central governing authority, DeFi users are autonomous entities with control over not only their funds, but also their data.
Zetzsche et al. (2020) stressed the need for the regulation of DeFi through “embedded regulation” which allows regulation to be in-built in the design of DeFi. Chen and Bellavitis (2020) showed that DeFi may reshape the structure of modern finance and create a new landscape for open Finance vs decentralized finance entrepreneurship and innovation and could give rise to decentralized business models. Chen and Bellavitis (2020) showed that although DeFi could make the financial system more decentralized, DeFi still has to overcome a number of challenges to achieve its full potential.
Excluded was every item that (1) only briefly mentioned the concept of DeFi without contributing to the state of knowledge and every item (2) that was not available in English. Having applied these criteria in the title, abstract, and full-text screening, we were left with 49 literature items. Finally, we performed a forward and backward search to include any other relevant literature (Webster & Watson, 2002). We again applied our inclusion and exclusion criteria to evaluate the newly obtained set of AL.
To specify the collateral ratio of borrowers and liquidate them in the event that they fall short of the specified minimum ratio, lending protocols draw on external data feeds (oracles) for asset prices. Aside from these two application types, DeFi offers many other vital financial services and instruments, such as stablecoins, derivatives, and insurance coverage. The term decentralized finance (DeFi) refers to an alternative financial infrastructure built on top of the Ethereum blockchain. DeFi uses smart contracts to create protocols that replicate existing financial services in a more open, interoperable, and transparent way.
While Open Finance has been widely adopted in Europe and Australia, North America has its own perspective and regulations for what consumer-permissioned data sharing looks like in the future. As open finance regulations take hold in the U.S., from market-driven to government mandates, we are entering the next phase of secure and open data sharing. Consumers must look across a multitude of financial accounts to try to manage their financial life. On the other side, financial providers only glimpse a fragment of a consumer’s financial picture and lack visibility into where consumers are sharing data from their systems with others. In order to use DeFi, you will need a digital wallet that is compatible with Ethereum. The wallet allows users to securely store thousands of NFTs and cryptocurrencies.
- On the bright side of things, research and innovations are already underway at pace, while promising solutions are being tested with impressive results.
- Consider the situation of an unbanked farmer in rural China and his daughter who sends him money every month from her job in the USA.
- The complex wrapping process across different protocols could indicate deep DeFi integration of an asset, which incurs additional risk (Caldarelli, 2022; Wachter et al., 2021).
- As such, DApps are essentially smart contracts designed to meet specific end-user needs.
In the case of private or consortium blockchain-based DeFi ecosystems, there is a separate body of users that have sole control over certain aspects of the network. However, even then, such entities do not control the system’s overall functioning and cannot bend the rules at will. In other words, DeFi systems can have varying degrees of decentralization, but are ultimately and majorly user-controlled.
DeFi products open up financial services to anyone with an internet connection and they’re largely owned and maintained by their users. So far tens of billions of dollars worth of crypto has flowed through DeFi applications and it’s growing every day. Traditional banks are facing growing competition from financial technology (fintech) companies. By improving the accessibility and convenience of financial services, fintech is exploiting the shortcomings of traditional financial institutions, and consumers are taking notice. The fintech market was worth $127.66 billion in 2018 and is forecasted to reach a global value of $309.98 billion by 2022. While this growth is promising for fintech companies, consumers aren’t ready to desert banks altogether.
This gives these institutions immense power because your money flows through them. DeFi is an open and global financial system built for the internet age – an alternative to a system that’s opaque, tightly controlled, and held together by decades-old infrastructure and processes. It gives you exposure to global markets and alternatives to your local currency or banking options.